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Baptism is essential to the life of Christians. Passing from death and being raised to newness of life, Christians participate in the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus through baptism (see Rom. 6). Throughout the centuries Christians have debated and even differed on their understandings of baptism. Although there are various opinions on baptism, almost all would agree on its significance of it.

Forgiveness of Sins

Baptism, in the Scriptures, is linked to the forgiveness of sins. The apostle Peter, proclaiming the resurrected Lord on the Day of Pentecost, instructed those who were convicted in their hearts of their need for baptism.

Acts 2:38-39

“Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”

Peter, through his words, demonstrates baptism was not only for those who heard him on that day but for “all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.” Baptism “for the remission of sins;” was not just for those of the first century, but for all who would come after the first hearers of Peter’s words. (see also; Col. 2:11-15)

An Appeal to God

Baptism is an appeal to God for a clean conscience. Again, the apostle Peter said, “There is also an antitype which now saves us—baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (1 Peter 3:21).