Old and New

Updated: Nov 25, 2021

Weddings are a time of joy. They are a time of new beginnings and a time of celebration.

I had taken leave from the Navy to come home for my wedding but this was also an occasion to do some fishing and spend some time with my friends. Fishing for me was a way of life, but being fair skinned I had the unique ability to burn terribly from the sun. Brenda did not mind that on the day of our wedding my friends and I were planning to fish that morning and early afternoon. She had just one request, don’t get sunburned and ruin the wedding photos. Not wanting to disappoint her, I remembered my sunscreen and slathered it on the front of my face. The only problem was I was so anxious to get to fishing, that I did not cover the side of my face or my ears. The result was a nice distinctive line on both sides of my face, evidenced in our wedding photos.

In Mark 2, Jesus is asked why His disciples do not fast like the Pharisees or John’s disciples (ref. 2:18). Jesus answers this question by providing three different pictures.

  • A wedding feast

  • The patching of an old garment

  • New wine and old wineskins

Let's look at what Jesus is teaching in the context of Mark’s gospel. Why is Mark providing us with these stories or accounts here in Chapter 2? One of the main themes we see in the Gospel of Mark is God’s kingdom, God’s rule, His reign. As we notice these teachings, I believe Jesus and Mark are preparing us for what is going to happen. Jesus has come to establish something new, God’s new kingdom. His kingdom is a kingdom for all people and was going to be different than what people had known.

II. Lesson

A. The Bridegroom


The disciples of John and of the Pharisees were fasting. Then they came and said to Him, “Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?”

From this question, Jesus provides the three responses or answers for us to consider.


And Jesus said to them, “Can the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them they cannot fast. 20 But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.

Simply, Jesus answers them by saying, now is not the time for sorrow and mourning. Again, one of Mark’s main themes: Why is he giving us this account, the account of his gospel?

(Mk. 1:1)

The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Mark is writing to give us an account of the good news of the Messiah, the Son of God. He is giving us the good news of Jesus. Part of this good news Jesus is bringing is the good news of God’s kingdom.

(Mk. 1:14-15)

Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.”

There is a new time, a new beginning, the kingdom of God has come. It is like a couple who is newly married, there is a new life, a new beginning. It is time to rejoice and celebrate. This language of a husband and wife would have been familiar to those who heard the words of Jesus. The relationship God shared with Israel was often described in this language, the language of marriage.

Isaiah 54:5

For your Maker is your husband, The Lord of hosts is His name;

And your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; He is called the God of the whole earth.

This language was a familiar way of speaking. Here in Mark, Jesus is talking about something new. It’s a new beginning, a new time. It is the time of God’s reign, of His kingdom. This is not the time for mourning but of celebration.

B. New Cloth

In these images, Jesus continues to show us that there is a new time as He speaks of old and new cloth.


No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; or else the new piece pulls away from the old, and the tear is made worse.

Clothes are sometimes made so cheaply today that we might just toss the garment once it gets a hole in it! But if you have lived a few years, you might remember patching and fixing clothes to make them last longer. I had Tough-Skins and we would wear them out!

Jesus often spoke in images from everyday life in images that were easily understood. Here He is comparing the newness of the kingdom of God to that of an old garment. The understanding being that the new and the old cannot be mixed together. If they are, we should not be surprised at the unfortunate result. It’s easy to understand with clothing—and it helps us understand the lesson of the newness of the Kingdom of God.

C. New Wineskins

The third image is that of new and old wineskins.


And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; or else the new wine bursts the wineskins, the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. But new wine must be put into new wineskins.”

Today we have glass and plastic bottles so this image of old wineskins may not be something we readily understand. These wineskins were made of animal skins, from The New Compact Bible Dictionary, “goatskins sewed up with the hair outside”.<